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An Analysis of Life Satisfaction in Albania: An Heteroscedastic Ordered Probit Model Approach

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Author Info

  • Julie Litchfield

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Sussex)

  • Barry Reilly

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Sussex)

  • Mario Veneziani

    (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy)

Abstract

This paper uses the nationally representative Albanian Living Standards Measurement Survey from 2005 to investigate the determinants of life satisfaction. In common with much of the existing empirical economics literature that models life satisfaction (or subjective well-being) this paper exploits an ordered probit model. In contrast to the existing literature, however, the current study places an important emphasis on regression model evaluation. Diagnostic testing revealed a number of econometric model deficiencies but the explicit incorporation of an heteroscedastic function into the ordered probit model resolved all detected problems. The tenor of the key findings generally reflects that found in the literature on the determinants of life satisfaction for both advanced capitalist and transitional economies. However, a number of additional themes with a strong Albanian dimension were interrogated. In particular, our study revealed evidence of long memories among Albanian respondents with respect to the collapse of that country’s notorious pyramid schemes and the scarring effects of the episode continue to impact on life satisfaction even with the passage of almost eight years. A sizeable effect for communal level crime activity on life satisfaction was also detected. In addition, our econometric estimates provided some empirical insights on the monetary value of friendship and the costs of children.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Sussex in its series Working Paper Series with number 0310.

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Date of creation: Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:sus:susewp:0310

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Keywords: Albania; life satisfaction; household welfare; ordered probit model; heteroscedasticity;

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Cited by:
  1. Alem, Yonas & Köhlin, Gunnar, 2012. "Life Satisfaction in Urban Ethiopia: Trends and determinants," Working Papers in Economics 548, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  2. ÇAGLAYAN, Ebru & UN, Turgut, 2012. "Heteroscedastic Probit Model: An Application Of Home Ownership In Turkey," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(2).
  3. Timothy A. Weterings & Mark N. Harris & Bruce Hollingsworth, 2012. "Extending Unobserved Heterogeneity - A Strategy for Accounting for Respondent Perceptions in the Absence of Suitable Data," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 12/12, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
  4. Jean-Marie Dufour & Joachim Wilde, 2013. "Weak Identification in Probit Models with Endogenous Covariates," Working Papers 95, Institute of Empirical Economic Research, revised 28 Feb 2013.

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