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Ordered Response Models

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  • Stefan Boes

    ()
    (Socioeconomic Institute, University of Zurich)

  • Rainer Winkelmann

    ()
    (Socioeconomic Institute, University of Zurich)

Abstract

We discuss regression models for ordered responses, such as ratings of bonds, schooling attainment, or measures of subjective well-being. Commonly used models in this context are the ordered logit and ordered probit regression models. They are based on an underlying latent model with single index function and constant thresholds. We argue that these approaches are overly restrictive and preclude a flexible estimation of the effect of regressors on the discrete outcome probabilities. For example, the signs of the marginal probability effects can only change once when moving from the smallest category to the largest one. We then discuss several alternative models that overcome these limitations. An application illustrates the benefit of these alternatives.

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File URL: http://www.soi.uzh.ch/research/wp/2005/wp0507.pdf
File Function: First version, 2005
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich in its series SOI - Working Papers with number 0507.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Allgemeines Statistisches Archiv 90, 2006, pages 165-179
Handle: RePEc:soz:wpaper:0507

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Keywords: Marginal effects; generalized threshold; sequential model; random coeffcients; latent class analysis; happiness;

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References

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  1. Stewart, Mark B., 2005. "A comparison of semiparametric estimators for the ordered response model," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 555-573, April.
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  13. Winkelmann, Liliana & Winkelmann, Rainer, 1998. "Why Are the Unemployed So Unhappy? Evidence from Panel Data," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 65(257), pages 1-15, February.
  14. Ulf Olsson, 1979. "Maximum likelihood estimation of the polychoric correlation coefficient," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 44(4), pages 443-460, December.
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  16. BŸhler, Stefan & Zava Aydemir, 2003. "Estimating Vertical Foreclosure in U.S. Gasoline Supply," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 33, Royal Economic Society.
  17. Yves Schneider & Peter Zweifel, 2005. "Spatial Effects in Willingness-to-Pay: The Case of Two Nuclear Risks," SOI - Working Papers 0502, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich, revised Sep 2007.
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  19. Everitt, B. S., 1988. "A finite mixture model for the clustering of mixed-mode data," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 6(5), pages 305-309, April.
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