Task-Biased Changes of Employment and Remuneration: The Case of Occupations
AbstractDifferent empirical studies suggest that the structure of employment in the U.S. and Great Britain tends to polarise into "good" and "bad" jobs. We provide updated evidence that polarisation also occurred in Germany since the mid-1980s until 2008. Using representative panel data, we show that this trend corresponds to a task bias in employment changes: routine jobs have lost relative employment, especially in predominantly manual occupations. We further provide the first direct test for whether task-biased technological change affects employment and remuneration in the same direction and conclude that there is no consistent task bias in the evolution of pay rules. By contrast, compositional changes like the proportion of union members are clearly associated with long-term changes in the remuneration of occupations.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series Working Papers CEB with number 11-002.
Length: 35 p.
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
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Polarisation; Technological change; Pay rules; Occupations; Inequality; Tasks;
Other versions of this item:
- Stephan Kampelmann & Francois Rycx, 2011. "Task-Biased Changes of Employment and Remuneration: The Case of Occupations," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 364, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
- Kampelmann, Stephan & Rycx, Francois, 2011. "Task-Biased Changes of Employment and Remuneration: The Case of Occupations," IZA Discussion Papers 5470, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
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- Alexandra Spitz-Oener, 2006. "Technical Change, Job Tasks, and Rising Educational Demands: Looking outside the Wage Structure," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(2), pages 235-270, April.
- Green, David A. & Sand, Benjamin, 2014. "Has the Canadian Labour Market Polarized?," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2014-18, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 28 Apr 2014.
- Martina Bisello, 2013. "Job polarization in Britain from a task-based perspective.Evidence from the UK Skills Surveys," Discussion Papers 2013/160, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
- Alessandra Cataldi & Stephan Kampelmann & François Rycx, 2011. "Productivity-Wage Gaps Among Age Groups: Does the ICT Environment Matter?," De Economist, Springer, vol. 159(2), pages 193-221, June.
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