What is the impact of educational systems on social mobility across Europe? A comparative approach
AbstractEducation is reasonably expected to enhance intergenerational social mobility. However, the extent to which educational systems foster or otherwise constrain social mobility remains controversial. In this paper, data from the European Social Survey covering 22 countries is analysed in order to assess social mobility in the second half of the 20th Century. Variation across five cohesive regional clusters is examined in detail. Results confirm increasing rates of social mobility in Europe and their close relation to massive structural shifts. The erosion of the education-occupation linkage presents a current threat to this trend. Considering formal credentials only, the most equalitarian educational systems are to be found in the United Kingdom and Ireland, but their ability to allocate individuals in the occupational structure is lower than in the other regions. Scandinavian systems show higher chances of social mobility through education, while Mediterranean systems present lower fluidity rates in both the background-education link (like Eastern European countries) and the education-occupation link (like the UK & Ireland). Gender and migration are identified as key factors to explain these differences.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Socius, Socio-Economics Research Centre at the School of Economics and Management (ISEG) of the Technical University of Lisbon in its series Working Papers with number wp012012.
Date of creation: Mar 2012
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education; educational systems; gender; migration; social mobility;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General
- Y10 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Data: Tables and Charts - - - Data: Tables and Charts
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-01-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-01-12 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-EDU-2013-01-12 (Education)
- NEP-EEC-2013-01-12 (European Economics)
- NEP-EUR-2013-01-12 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-LAB-2013-01-12 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-01-12 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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