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Market Structure and Exchange Rate Pass-Through

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  • Raphael Anton Auer
  • Raphael S. Schoenle

Abstract

In this paper, we examine the extent to which market structure and the way in which it affects pricing decisions of profit-maximizing firms can explain incomplete exchange rate passthrough. To this purpose, we evaluate how pass-through rates vary across trade partners and sectors depending on the mass and size distribution of firms affected by a particular exchange rate shock. In the first step of our analysis, we decompose bilateral exchange rate movements into broad US Dollar (USD) movements and trade-partner currency (TPC) movements. Using micro data on US import prices, we show that the pass-through rate following USD movements is up to four times as large as the pass-through rate following TPC movements and that the rate of pass-through following TPC movements is increasing in the trade partner's sector-specific market share. In the second step, we draw on the parsimonious model of oligopoly pricing featuring variable markups of Dornbusch (1987) and Atkeson and Burstein (2008) to show how the distribution of firms' market shares and origins within a sector affects the trade-partner specific pass-through rate. Third, we calibrate this model using our exchange rate decomposition and information on the origin of firms and their market shares. We find that the calibrated model can explain a substantial part of the variation in import price changes and pass-through rates across sectors, trade partners, and sector-trade partner pairs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Swiss National Bank in its series Working Papers with number 2012-14.

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Length: 64 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:snb:snbwpa:2012-14

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Keywords: Exchange Rate Pass-Through; U.S. Import Prices; Market Structure; Price Complementarities;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gee Hee Hong & Nicholas Li, 2013. "Market Structure and Cost Pass-Through in Retail," Working Papers 13-5, Bank of Canada.
  2. Linda Goldberg & Cedric Tille, 2013. "A Bargaining Theory of Trade Invoicing and Pricing," IHEID Working Papers 08-2013, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  3. Ariel Burstein & Gita Gopinath, 2013. "International Prices and Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 18829, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Nicholas Li & Gee Hee Hong, 2013. "Market Structure and Cost Pass-Through in Retail," Working Papers tecipa-470, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  5. Auer, Raphael A. & Degen, Kathrin & Fischer, Andreas M., 2013. "Low-wage import competition, inflationary pressure, and industry dynamics in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 141-166.
  6. Amiti, Mary & Itskhoki, Oleg & Konings, Jozef, 2012. "Importers, Exporters, and Exchange Rate Disconnect," CEPR Discussion Papers 9260, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Raphael A Auer & Philip Sauré, 2013. "The globalisation of inflation: a view from the cross section," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Globalisation and inflation dynamics in Asia and the Pacific, volume 70, pages 113-118 Bank for International Settlements.
  8. Adachi, Takanori & Ebina, Takeshi, 2014. "Double marginalization and cost pass-through: Weyl–Fabinger and Cowan meet Spengler and Bresnahan–Reiss," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 170-175.

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