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Learning and Equilibrium Selection in a Monetary Overlapping Generations Model with Sticky

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Abstract

PricesThis paper studies the properties of adaptive learning as a device to select amongst the rational expectations equilibria of a monetary overlapping generations model. It extends previous contributions by introducing monopolistic competition and improves upon them by analyzing learning in a model with a well-defined temporary equilibrium map, a coherent informational setup, and properly specified microfoundations. The main result is that adaptive learning is a robust selection mechanism that independent from the degree of imperfect competition always selects the same equilibrium. The indeterminate steady state and the non-stationary equilibria are never stable. The determinate low inflation steady state is the unique stable equilibrium; however, depending on how agents forecast, stability is found to be related to observable characteristics of the economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy in its series CSEF Working Papers with number 69.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2001
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Publication status: Published in Review of Economic Studies, 2003, vol. 70, pages 887-908
Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:69

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Keywords: adaptive learning; equilibrium selection; rational expectations; indeterminacy; stability;

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References

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  1. Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "Inflation dynamics: A structural econometric analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 195-222, October.
  2. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  3. Lettau, M. & Van Zandt, T., 1995. "Robustness of Adaptive Expections as an Equilibrium Selection Device," Papers 9598, Tilburg - Center for Economic Research.
  4. Marcet, Albert & Sargent, Thomas J., 1989. "Convergence of least squares learning mechanisms in self-referential linear stochastic models," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 337-368, August.
  5. Duffy John, 1994. "On Learning and the Nonuniqueness of Equilibrium in an Overlapping Generations Model with Fiat Money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 541-553, December.
  6. Ramon Marimon & Shyam Sunder, 1993. "Indeterminacy of equilibria in a hyperinflationary world: Experimental evidence," Economics Working Papers 25, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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Cited by:
  1. Albert Marcet & Klaus Adam & Juan Pablo Nicolini, 2008. "Stock Market Volatility and Learning," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 732.08, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).

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