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Evaluating the Prospects of Benefit Sharing Schemes in Protecting Mountain Gorillas in Central Africa

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  • Samson Mukanjari, Edwin Muchapondwa, Precious Zikhali and Birgit Bednar-Friedl

Abstract

Presently, the mountain gorilla in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo is endangered mainly by poaching and habitat loss. This paper sets out to investigate the possible resolution of poaching involving the local community by using benefit sharing schemes with local communities. Using a bioeconomic model, the paper demonstrates that the current revenue sharing scheme yields suboptimal conservation outcomes. It is however shown that a performance-linked benefit sharing scheme in which the Park Agency makes payment to the local community based on the growth of the gorilla stock can achieve socially optimal conservation. This scheme renders poaching effort by the local community, and therefore poaching fines and anti-poaching enforcement towards the local community unnecessary. Given the huge financial outlay requirements for the ideal benefit sharing scheme, the Park Agencies in central Africa could reap more financial benefits for use in conservation if they employ an oligopolistic pricing strategy for gorilla tourism.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic Research Southern Africa in its series Working Papers with number 321.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rza:wpaper:321

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Keywords: Benefit sharing; bioeconomic model; conservation; mountain gorilla; performance payment;

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  13. Swanson, Timothy M, 1994. "The Economics of Extinction Revisited and Revised: A Generalised Framework for the Analysis of the Problems of Endangered Species and Biodiversity Losses," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(0), pages 800-821, Supplemen.
  14. Skonhoft, Anders, 1998. "Resource utilization, property rights and welfare--Wildlife and the local people," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 67-80, July.
  15. Gardner Brown, 2000. "Renewable Natural Resource Management and Use Without Markets," Working Papers, University of Washington, Department of Economics 0025, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
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