Why do ICDPs fail?: The relationship between agriculture, hunting and ecotourism in wildlife conservation
AbstractWe analyze why integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) fail to achieve their conservation goals. We develop a bio-economic model of open access habitat and wildlife exploitation, which is consistent with farming and hunting societies living in close proximity to forest reserves in developing countries. We show that the ICDP creates incentives to conserve habitat and wildlife, but socially optimal levels of conservation cannot be achieved, because of externalities among the local communities. We show how a social planner can achieve the socially optimal levels of habitat and wildlife by a more encompassing tax/subsidy regime.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Resource and Energy Economics.
Volume (Year): 33 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505569
Bio-economic modelling Competing land-use Ecotourism Integrated conservation and development projects Poaching Wildlife and habitat conservation;
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