Pigskin, Tailgating and Pollution: Estimating the Environmental Impacts of Sporting Events
AbstractThis paper estimates the environmental impact of sporting events by analyzing a collection of small typically geographically isolated cities which host at least one NCAA football team that competes in the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) in 2010. Fixed-effects regressions controlling for differences across cities and across months suggest that cities do experience an increase in pollution levels on and around game days relative to non-game days. These marginal increases were largest in November even after controlling for weather, various trends and other sources of seasonality. When hosting games in November, the corresponding percent increases in daily mortality ranged from .06 to .25% for cardiovascular mortality to .23 to .47% for respiratory mortality.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 13-19.
Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 23 Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Pollution; Environmental impact; Sporting events; Mortality;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
- L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-11-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2013-11-02 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-RES-2013-11-02 (Resource Economics)
- NEP-SPO-2013-11-02 (Sports & Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-11-02 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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