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Qui sont les salariés payés au niveau du salaire minimum? Une analyse empirique à partir de données turques

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  • Calavrezo, Oana

    ()
    (Laboratoire d’Economie d’Orléans)

  • Pelek, Selin

    ()
    (Galatasaray University Economic Research Center)

Abstract

Au cours des dernières décennies, la littérature internationale a accordé un intérêt particulier à l’analyse du salaire minimum dans les pays émergents. Dans ce travail, nous nous intéressons au cas de la Turquie. Nous souhaitons contribuer à une littérature économique quasi inexistante concernant les caractéristiques socioéconomiques des salariés payés au salaire minimum. Ainsi, l’objectif principal de ce papier est de dégager un profil pour les salariés rémunérés au salaire minimum. Des techniques économétriques simples (modèle logit dichotomique, modèle logit multinomial ordonné généralisé) sont mises en œuvre dans un but purement descriptif. Nous mobilisons des données originales issues de l’enquête « Budget » de l’Institut des statistiques de Turquie couvrant la période 2003-2006. A partir de l’affiliation des individus à la sécurité sociale, nous pouvons faire la distinction entre l’emploi formel et l’emploi informel. Ces deux « marchés » de l’emploi ont un fonctionnement assez différent. Par conséquent, nous travaillons sur deux populations : celle des salariés concernés par l’emploi formel et celle des salariés concernés par l’emploi informel. Nous confirmons pour le cas de la Turquie, que le fait de toucher le salaire minimum est associé plus fréquemment à des populations considérées généralement comme « fragiles » (femmes, jeunes, personnes résidant à la campagne, individus ayant peu d’ancienneté dans l’entreprise et personnes qui perçoivent des aides de la part de l’Etat). En outre, ces caractéristiques socio-économiques influencent de la même manière la propension d’être payé autour du salaire minimum pour les populations de salariés formels et informels. En revanche, des caractéristiques comme le niveau du diplôme, le secteur d’activité ou la taille de l’entreprise ont des effets différents sur la probabilité de toucher une rémunération proche du salaire minimum pour les salariés formels et les salariés informels.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Galatasaray University Economic Research Center in its series GIAM Working Papers with number 11-2.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 13 Feb 2011
Date of revision: 13 Feb 2011
Handle: RePEc:ris:giamwp:2011_002

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Keywords: Salaire minimum; emploi formel; emploi informel; structure salariale; Turquie; logit dichotomique; logit multinomial ordonné généralisé;

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