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The Effects of World Heritage Sites on Domestic Tourism: A Spatial Interaction Model for Italy

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Author Info

  • Roberto Patuelli

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA), Italy)

  • Maurizio Mussoni

    (Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA), Italy)

  • Guido Candela

    (University of Bologna, Italy)

Abstract

Culture is gaining increasing importance in the modern tourism industry, and represents a significant force of attraction for tourists (both domestic and international). Cultural tourism allows destinations and regions to expand their customer base, diversify their offer, extend the stay of the tourist, and reduce seasonality. Great efforts are made, by national governments and regions, in order to obtain official designation regarding the relevance of their historical/cultural attractions, for example through UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites (WHS) list. Such an aspect seems particularly relevant for a country like Italy, which has a high number of entries in the WHS list, and where regions take an active role in promoting tourism. Using an 11-year panel of domestic tourism flows, we investigate the importance of the regional endowment in terms of WHS from two perspectives: (a) by separately estimating the effects, on tourism flows, of WHS located in the residence region of tourists and in the destination region; and (b) by taking into account potential spatial substitution/complementarity effects between regions due to their WHS endowment. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is offered to evaluate the spatial extent of the latter.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis in its series Working Paper Series with number 14_12.

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Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision: Jan 2013
Publication status: Forthcoming in the Journal of Geographical Systems
Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:14_12

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Keywords: cultural tourism; domestic tourism; World Heritage Sites; spatial interaction model; Italy; spatial competition;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Duha T. Altindag, 2014. "Crime and International Tourism," Auburn Economics Working Paper Series auwp2014-01, Department of Economics, Auburn University.
  2. R. Patuelli & M. Mussoni & G. Candela, 2014. "Cultural Offer and Distance in a Spatial Interaction Model for Tourism," Working Papers wp943, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  3. Roberto Patuelli & Maurizio Mussoni & Guido Candela, 2014. "Cultural Offer and Distance in a Spatial Interaction Model for Tourism," Working Paper Series 14_14, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  4. Duha Altindag, 2014. "Crime and International Tourism," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 1-14, March.

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