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Wage Dispersion and Labor Turnover with Adverse Selection

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  • Leo Kaas

    (University of Konstanz)

  • Carlos Carrillo-Tudela

    (University of Essex)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of adverse selection on worker turnover, wage dispersion, and resource allocation in labor markets. We consider a model of on-the-job search where firms offer long-term wage contracts to workers of different ability. Firms do not observe worker ability upon hiring but learn it gradually over time. Provided that information frictions are sufficiently strong, low-wage firms offer screening contracts and hire all types of workers in equilibrium, whereas high-wage firms specialize in attracting high-ability workers only. This implies that low-ability workers have higher turnover rates, earn lower wages on average and face an earnings distribution with a higher frictional component. Furthermore, positive sorting obtains in equilibrium.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 1075.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:1075

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  1. Greenwald, Bruce C, 1986. "Adverse Selection in the Labour Market," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(3), pages 325-47, July.
  2. Walter Y. Oi & Todd L. Idson, 1999. "Workers Are More Productive in Large Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 104-108, May.
  3. Carlos Carrillo-Tudela, 2009. "An Equilibrium Search Model When Firms Observe Workers' Employment Status," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 50(2), pages 485-506, 05.
  4. Julia I. Lane & John C. Haltiwanger & James Spletzer, 1999. "Productivity Differences across Employers: The Roles of Employer Size, Age, and Human Capital," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 94-98, May.
  5. Rasmus Lentz & Dale T. Mortensen, 2005. "An Empirical Model of Growth Through Product Innovation," CAM Working Papers 2005-13, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics.
  6. Abowd, J.M. & Kramarz, F. & Margolis, D.N., 1995. "High-Wage Workers and High-Wage Firms," Cahiers de recherche 9503, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
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  8. Veronica Guerrieri & Robert Shimer & Randall Wright, 2010. "Adverse Selection in Competitive Search Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(6), pages 1823-1862, November.
  9. Shimer, R. & Smith, L., 1998. "Assortive Matching and Search," Papers 98-09, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
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  16. Lentz, Rasmus, 2010. "Sorting by search intensity," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 145(4), pages 1436-1452, July.
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  24. University of Pennsylvania & Ludo Visschers, 2007. "Employment Uncertain and Wage Contracts," 2007 Meeting Papers 547, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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