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Relative Stagnation alla Turca

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  • Tasso Adamopoulos
  • Ahmet Akyol

    ()
    (Economics York University)

Abstract

Turkey is the only founding member of the OECD that has not converged to the US in terms of per-capita GDP since 1950: its real GDP per capita is stuck at 20% of that of the US. At a proximate level, we show that Turkey's relative stagnation over the past 50 years is due to: (1) the relative decline in its labor force participation, and (2) the relative stagnation of its TFP. We argue that the first fact is due to policies of high personal income taxation, and high social security contributions for both employees and employers. The second fact we argue is due to price support policies in agriculture, which distorted the allocation of resources in favor of agriculture, thereby delayed the process of the structural transformation. We develop a dynamic general equilibrium model with agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. The production of the non-agricultural good can take place in the market or the household sector. We show the extent to which these policies can account quantitatively for Turkey's relative stagnation

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2006 Meeting Papers with number 703.

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Date of creation: 03 Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed006:703

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Keywords: Relative Stagnation; Labor Force Participation; Income Taxes;

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  1. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment Updates and Implications," NBER Working Papers 7911, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Andres Erosa & Tatyana Koreshkova & Diego Restuccia, 2006. "On the aggregate and distributional implications of productivity differences across countries," Working Paper 06-02, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
  3. Margarida Duarte & Diego Restuccia, 2006. "The Role of the Structural Transformation in Aggregate Productivity," 2006 Meeting Papers 415, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Harold L. Cole & Lee E. Ohanian & Alvaro Riascos & James A. Schmitz, Jr., 2004. "Latin America in the Rearview Mirror," NBER Working Papers 11008, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. A. Erinc Yeldan, 1998. "On Structural Sources of the 1994 Turkish Crisis: a CGE modelling analysis," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 397-414.
  6. Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Prosperity and Depression: 2002 Richard T. Ely Lecture," Working Papers 618, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  7. Caselli, Francesco, 2004. "Accounting for Cross-Country Income Differences," CEPR Discussion Papers 4703, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Ananth Seshadri & Rodolfo Manuelli, 2005. "Human Capital and the Wealth of Nations," 2005 Meeting Papers 56, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  9. Richard Rogerson, 2008. "Structural Transformation and the Deterioration of European Labor Market Outcomes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(2), pages 235-259, 04.
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Cited by:
  1. Margarida Duarte & Diego Restuccia, 2010. "The Role of the Structural Transformation in Aggregate Productivity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 125(1), pages 129-173, February.
  2. Mihai Macovei, 2009. "Growth and economic crises in Turkey: leaving behind a turbulent past?," European Economy - Economic Papers 386, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  3. Altug, Sumru G. & Filiztekin, Alpay & Pamuk, Sevket, 2007. "The Sources of Long-term Economic Growth for Turkey, 1880-2005," CEPR Discussion Papers 6463, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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