Brain Drain or Brain Gain? The case of Moroccan Students in France
AbstractBrain drain has long been an important concern particularly for a developing country like Morocco where high-skilled emigration rates are highest. The aim of this paper is to highlight the causes of migration of Moroccan students to France, to offer then some implications. To this end, we apply an ARDL Bounds testing approach and VEC Granger causality test to annual data spanning the period between 1971 and 2011. We show that the quality of higher education measured by French research & development (proxy of French institutions) seem the main determinant of student mobility. The per-capita income differential between France and Morocco also plays an important role on explaining student migration. The uncertainty about future Moroccan inflation (proxy of Moroccan institutions) encourages the departure of students abroad, while the degree of openness via trade and foreign direct investments discourage. Academic exchange agreements and the creation of research centers accredited by the two countries have been recommended to enhance the French economic development from high-skilled migrants without depriving Morocco.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 56630.
Date of creation: 20 May 2014
Date of revision:
Brain drain; Brain gain; Moroccan students; France.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F0 - International Economics - - General
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-06-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-ARA-2014-06-22 (MENA - Middle East & North Africa)
- NEP-EDU-2014-06-22 (Education)
- NEP-INT-2014-06-22 (International Trade)
- NEP-MIG-2014-06-22 (Economics of Human Migration)
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