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Output Growth and Unexpected Government Expenditures

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  • Escobari, Diego
  • Mollick, André Varella

Abstract

This paper takes into account the dynamic feedback between government expenditures and output in a model that separates the effects of expected and unexpected government expenditures on output. We allow for standard determinants based on Solow’s growth model, as well as financial globalization and trade openness measures for a sample of 56 industrial and emerging market economies over the 1970-2004 period. We find that unanticipated government expenditures have negative and significant effects on output growth, with higher effects in developed economies. Along with savings responses, we interpret these results based on how fiscal policy reacts to business cycles. Anticipated government expenditures have negative - but smaller effects - on output growth. These results are very robust to a recursive treatment of expectations, which reinforces the role of new information in an increasingly integrated world economy.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 48969.

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Date of creation: Aug 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48969

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Keywords: Dynamic Panels; Economic Growth; Expected and Unexpected Government Expenditures; Globalization.;

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Cited by:
  1. Athanasios O. Tagkalakis, 2013. "The output effects of systematic and non-systematic fiscal policy changes in Greece," Working Papers 167, Bank of Greece.

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