Family structure and children's education outcome: Evidence from Uruguay
AbstractAs the developed world has experienced a shift away from the traditional two-biological parent family, scholars have sought to understand how children are faring in non-traditional homes. Debate has arisen over assertions that children from non-traditional families do less well in school. Concerns about selection issues as well as a paucity of cross-cultural evidence, have led some scholars to question the influence of family structure on educational attainment. Using data from the 2006 Uruguayan household survey, we evaluate the relationship of family structure with children’s education using two different methods to deal with selection problems, an instrumental variables approach and propensity score matching. Both approaches yield evidence that growing up in non-traditional family structures seems to be negative related with the schooling of Uruguayan boys, with more muted results for girls. Interestingly, Uruguay is a developing country with two peculiarities, that is, a culture that experienced fairly rapid modernization in terms of institutions –including family transition-, especially compared with other South American nations, and meanwhile an intriguing high level of school drop-out, unusually high for Uruguay’s overall level of development.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 39914.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
academic achievement; family structure; instrumental variables; propensity score; selection effects;
Other versions of this item:
- Alejandro Cid & Charles Stokes, 2013. "Family Structure and Children’s Education Outcome: Evidence from Uruguay," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 185-199, June.
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-07-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2012-07-14 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2012-07-14 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2012-07-14 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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