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Family Structural Influences on Children’s Education Attainment:Evidence from Uruguay

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  • Alejandro Cid

    ()

  • Charles E. Stokes

Abstract

As the developed world has experienced a shift away from the traditional two biological parent family, scholars have sought to understand how children are faring in non-traditional homes. Debate has arisen over assertions that children from nontraditional families do less well in school. Concerns about selection issues as well as a paucity of cross-cultural evidence, have led some scholars to question the causal influence of family structure on educational attainment. Using data from the 2006 Uruguayan household survey, we evaluate the influence of family structure on education using two different methods to deal with selection problems, an instrumental variables approach and propensity score matching. Both approaches yield evidence that growing up in non-traditional family structures has a negative causal impact on the schooling of Uruguayan boys, with more muted results for girls.

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File URL: http://www.um.edu.uy/docs/working_paper_um_cee_2011_03.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales y Economia. Universidad de Montevideo. in its series Documentos de Trabajo/Working Papers with number 1103.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:mnt:wpaper:1103

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Postal: Prudencio de Pena 2440, Montevideo 11600
Web page: http://www.um.edu.uy/cee/
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Related research

Keywords: academic achievement; family structure; instrumental variables; propensity score; selection effects.;

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References

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  1. Shelly Lundberg & Robert A. Pollak, 2007. "The American Family and Family Economics," NBER Working Papers 12908, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. David G. Schramm, 2006. "Individual and Social Costs of Divorce in Utah," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 133-151, April.
  3. Samuel Berlinski & Sebastian Galiani & Marco Manacorda, 2007. "Giving Children a Better Start: Preschool Attendance and School-Age Profiles," Working Papers, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance 618, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  4. Gary S. Becker, . "Family Economics and Macro Behavior," University of Chicago - Population Research Center, Chicago - Population Research Center 87-16, Chicago - Population Research Center.
  5. George Hondroyiannis, 2009. "Fertility Determinants and Economic Uncertainty:An Assessment Using European Panel Data," Working Papers, Bank of Greece 96, Bank of Greece.
  6. Marisa Bucheli & Andrés Vigna, 2005. "Un estudio de los determinantes del divorcio de las mujeres de las generaciones 1947-56 y 1957-66 en Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers), Department of Economics - dECON 0105, Department of Economics - dECON.
  7. Martin Dribe & Maria Stanfors, 2009. "Education, Work and Parenthood: Comparing the Experience of Young Men and Women in Sweden," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 32-42, March.
  8. Jeffrey Dew, 2009. "The Gendered Meanings of Assets for Divorce," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 20-31, March.
  9. Kathleen Roche & Nan Astone & David Bishai, 2007. "Out-Of-School Care and Youth Problem Behaviors in Low-Income, Urban Areas," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 471-488, September.
  10. Berenice Monna & Anne Gauthier, 2008. "A Review of the Literature on the Social and Economic Determinants of Parental Time," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(4), pages 634-653, December.
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