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Análisis económico sobre el tamaño óptimo del mercado y ubicación de estaciones de transferencia para el manejo de residuos sólidos en Colombia
[Economic Analysis about the Solid Waste Quantities and Optimal Hauling Distance to Install Transfer Stations in Colombia]

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  • Perdomo Calvo, Jorge Andrés
  • Ramirez Orozco, Juan Andrés

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to develop an economic analysis estimating the solid waste quantities and optimal hauling distance to install transfer stations in Colombia, according to landfill location. This goal is met by using a difference in differences approach (impact evaluation technique), means panel data (random effects), comparative static analysis and mathematical optimization. These methods allowed comparing total production costs between firms with and without transfer stations during three years (2006 to 2008). This study suggests that the use of a transfer station reduces maintenance and operation costs. El objetivo principal de este estudio es realizar un análisis económico para estimar el tamaño de mercado óptimo, con el fin de tomar de decisiones sobre la viabilidad de contar con una estación de transferencia (ET) y su adecuada distancia para ubicarla, de acuerdo con la longitud del trayecto a recorrer entre un sitio origen y el relleno sanitario más cercano. Lo anterior, haciendo uso del método de evaluación de impacto diferencia en diferencias, mediante un modelo de datos panel con efectos aleatorios y análisis estático comparativo de optimización matemática. Técnicas, que permitieron comparar el comportamiento de los costos totales de producción, entre firmas recolectoras de residuos sólidos con y sin estación de transferencia, en un período de tres años (2006-2008). Así, se evidenció cómo estas empresas disminuyen los gastos de operación y mantenimiento cuando implementan por lo menos una estación de transferencia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 37719.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
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Publication status: Published in Lecturas de Economia 75.2(2011): pp. 143-162
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37719

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Keywords: Impact evaluation; solid waste; transfer stations; panel data; difference in differences; mathematical optimization;

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  1. Baltagi, Badi H. & Wu, Ping X., 1999. "Unequally Spaced Panel Data Regressions With Ar(1) Disturbances," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(06), pages 814-823, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Jorge Andrés Perdomo Calvo & Mariana Rubio, 2012. "Regulación económica para la tarifa de parqueaderos en Bogotá mediante precios máximos," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, UN - RCE - CID.

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