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Heterogeneity in Stock Pricing: A STAR Model with Multivariate Transition Functions

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  • Lof, Matthijs

Abstract

Stock prices often diverge from measures of fundamental value, which simple present value models fail to explain. This paper tries to find causes for these long-run price movements and their persistence by estimating a STAR model for the price-earnings ratio of the S&P500 index for 1961Q1 - 2009Q3, with a transition function that depends on a wider set of exogenous or predetermined transition variables. Several economic, monetary and financial variables, as well as linear combinations of these, are found to have nonlinear effects on stock prices. A two-step estimation procedure is proposed to select the transition variables and estimate their weights. This STAR model can be interpreted as a heterogeneous agent asset pricing model that makes a distinction between chartists and fundamentalists, where the set of transition variables is included in the agents’ information set.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 30520.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30520

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Keywords: Heterogeneous agents; Regime switching; Stock prices; STAR models;

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  12. Tesfatsion, Leigh & Judd, Kenneth L., 2006. "Handbook of Computational Economics, Vol. 2: Agent-Based Computational Economics," Staff General Research Papers 10368, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  13. Craig S. Hakkio & William R. Keeton, 2009. "Financial stress: what is it, how can it be measured, and why does it matter?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q II, pages 5-50.
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