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Absorptive capacity, the allocation of scientists, and firms' research productivity

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  • Andrea, Canidio
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    Abstract

    Empirical evidence shows that R&D productivity decreases with firm size. I provide an explanation to this fact by developing a model of science production where heterogeneous researchers are endogenously allocated to different firms. The main assumption is that firms invest in research to increase their absorptive capacity: the ability to use and understand knowledge produced outside of the firm. Firms create absorptive capacity by building labs and hiring researchers in a competitive market. Because of externalities, firms underinvest in labs. More interestingly, researchers and labs are substitutes in the revenue function, even though they are complements in the research production function. As a consequence, the greater the investment in research, the lower the productivity of the researcher working for the firm. This generates a novel form of inefficiency: for any given investment, the allocation of researchers to firms is non optimal.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 30257.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30257

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    Keywords: Knowledge; R&D Productivity; Organization of Scientific Research; Externality; Absorptive Capacity; Matching with Investment.;

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