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Analyse Multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté au Bénin: une approche par les sous-ensembles flous
[Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty in Benin: A Fuzzy Subsets Approach]

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  • Hounkpodote, Hilaire
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    Abstract

    Poverty is a complex concept which multidimensional aspect is not often taken into account in the analysis and the apprehension of the phenomenon in Benin. The Integrated Modular Survey on household Living Conditions (2006) give us the opportunity to apprehend the phenomenon as a whole by a new approach based on fuzzy subsets to shed light on new knowledge of poverty in Benin. The results show that the multidimensional poverty index for Benin is 53.90% with differences at the level of the department, the place of residence, the gender of the household head and the eleven dimensions retained for the analysis (health, education, etc). In addition, the characterization of the households relative to the degree of poverty shows differentiated profiles. This implies that strategies to reduce poverty cannot lean on a single instrument or focus on one field, but must resort to use a set of measures affecting its various dimensions.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 27005.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2009
    Date of revision: Aug 2009
    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:27005

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    Keywords: Multidimensional poverty; fuzzy subsets; dimensions; membership functions;

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    1. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Multidimensional Decomposition Of Poverty: A Fuzzy Set Approach," Cahiers de recherche 05-08, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
    2. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Theorie Des Ensembles Flous Et Decomposition Multidimensionnelle De La Pauvreté : Le Cas Du Senegal," Cahiers de recherche 05-05, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
    3. Yaya Koloma, 2008. "Contribution à l'analyse de la pauvreté non-monétaire micro-multidimensionnelle au Mali," Documents de travail 142, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    4. François Bourguignon & Satya Chakravarty, 2003. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 25-49, April.
    5. Bibi, Sami, 2005. "Measuring Poverty in a Multidimensional Perspective: a Review of Literature," Working Papers PMMA 2005-07, PEP-PMMA.
    6. Oumar Diop Diagne & Ousmane Faye & Salimata Faye, 2007. "Le noyau dur de la pauvreté au Sénégal," Working Papers PMMA 2007-17, PEP-PMMA.
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