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L’Inégalité de Pauvreté Au Cameroun : Une Analyse Empirique à L’aide de la décomposition en sous-groupes de Dagum
[Inequality of poverty in Cameroon: A Dagum sub-group decomposition analysis]

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  • Biloa Essimi, Jean Aristide
  • Chameni Nembua, Celestin

Abstract

From a multidimensional analysis of poverty which enables us, through the use of technique of fuzzy sets, to construct a poverty indicator in this perspective in Cameroon, we analyse the poverty gaps in our country by making use of the Dagum sub-group decomposition (1997) which breaks down the Gini index into three components. Poverty analysis revealed that education and housing contribute more to the national poverty. The Gini poverty index obtained is 0.188736, and its decomposition revealed that intergroup inequalities contribute most to the overall inequality. This indicates that the poverty gap is wider between the groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 32966.

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Date of creation: 24 Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32966

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Keywords: Fuzzy sets; Poverty; Inequality ; Sub-group Decomposition; Cameroon;

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  1. C. Chameni Nembua, 2008. "The 'natural' bidimensional decomposition of inequality indices: evaluating factor contributions to households welfare inequality in Cameroon, 1996-2001," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(12), pages 963-970.
  2. C. Chameni Nembua, 2005. "A three components subgroup decomposition of the Hirschman-Herfindahl index and household's income inequalities in Cameroon," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(15), pages 941-947.
  3. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-31, March.
  4. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Multidimensional Decomposition Of Poverty: A Fuzzy Set Approach," Cahiers de recherche, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke 05-08, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  5. Costa, Michele, 2002. "A multidimensional approach to the measurement of poverty," IRISS Working Paper Series, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD 2002-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
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