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A subgroup decomposition of inequality of poverty in Cameroon

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  • BILOA ESSIMI Jean Aristide, BEJA
  • CHAMENI NEMBUA Célestin, CNC
  • MIAMO WENDJI Clovis, MWC

Abstract

This paper studies multi-dimensional aspects of deprivation associated to the living conditions and inequality status in Cameroon. The study employs the fuzzy-set framework to analyze deprivation and inequalities through Dagum sub group decomposition. Results in deprivation analysis and inequalities related reveal some new insights about the poverty situation in the country, which contrasts with the results available from traditional poverty analysis. We observe respectively, high deprivation degrees for household ‘essential’ items such as health, education and housing and a small Gini index for inequalities of deprivation. Decomposition by group reveals that within groups inequalities are as important as the between groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 38141.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38141

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Keywords: Fuzzy-sets; Poverty; Inequality; Sub-group-Decomposition; Cameroon;

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  1. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-31, March.
  2. Sahn, David E. & Stifel, David C., 2000. "Poverty Comparisons Over Time and Across Countries in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 2123-2155, December.
  3. Dagum, Camilo, 1997. "A New Approach to the Decomposition of the Gini Income Inequality Ratio," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 22(4), pages 515-31.
  4. Stephane Mussard & Maria Noel Pi Alperin, 2008. "Inequalities in multidimensional poverty: evidence from Argentina," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(10), pages 759-765.
  5. Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina N., 2004. "On the Measurement of Human Well-being: Fuzzy Set Theory and Sen's Capability Approach," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  6. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2004. "Fuzzy Targeting Indices and Orderings," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(1), pages 41-51, 01.
  7. Costa, Michele, 2002. "A multidimensional approach to the measurement of poverty," IRISS Working Paper Series 2002-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
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