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Le noyau dur de la pauvreté au Sénégal

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Author Info

  • Oumar Diop Diagne
  • Ousmane Faye
  • Salimata Faye

Abstract

Partant des limites des instruments classiques dans la mesure de la pauvreté, l'étude introduit le concept de noyau dur pour contourner le problème d'inclusion-exclusion factice, en vue d'un meilleur ciblage des pauvres au Sénégal. Elle s'appuie sur une combinaison d'indicateurs de pauvreté monétaire avec ceux de patrimoine et de privation relative. L'analyse du noyau dur fait ressortir que deux ménages sur 11 manquent de moyens pour faire face à leurs besoins immédiats et éprouvent des difficultés à accéder à des conditions de vie adéquates. Pire, ces ménages n'ont aucune perspective de sortir de la précarité en raison de la faiblesse de leur capital tant humain que physique. Par ailleurs, contrairement aux travaux antérieurs, l'étude montre une pauvreté sévit plus importante dans les ménages dirigés par des femmes (notamment les divorcées et veuves) ou par des personnes de faible qualification professionnelle.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2007-17.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2007-17

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Related research

Keywords: Pauvreté; indicateur monétaire; pauvreté relative; patrimoine; noyau dur; Sénégal;

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References

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  1. Hicks, Norman & Streeten, Paul, 1979. "Indicators of development: The search for a basic needs yardstick," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 7(6), pages 567-580, June.
  2. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1998. "Pauvreté et choix méthodologiques : le cas de la Mauritanie," Documents de travail 22, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
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  4. Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, François, 2005. "Les multiples facettes de la pauvreté dans un pays en développement : Le cas de la capitale malgache," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4745, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Desai, Meghnad & Shah, Anup, 1988. "An Econometric Approach to the Measurement of Poverty," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 505-22, September.
  6. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - or tears : with an application to educational enrollments in states of India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1994, The World Bank.
  7. François Roubaud & Mireille Razafindrakoto, 2005. "Les multiples facettes de la pauvreté dans un pays en développement. Le cas de la capitale malgache," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 383(1), pages 131-155.
  8. Azam, Jean-Paul & Dia, Magueye, 2004. "Pro-Poor Growth in Senegal," IDEI Working Papers 325, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  9. Delhausse, Bernard & Luttgens, Axel & Perelman, Sergio, 1993. "Comparing Measures of Poverty and Relative Deprivation: An Example for Belgium," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 83-102.
  10. Coudouel, Aline & Hentschel, Jesko & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Mesure et analyse de la pauvreté
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    ," MPRA Paper 10490, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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Cited by:
  1. Hounkpodote, Hilaire, 2009. "Analyse Multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté au Bénin: une approche par les sous-ensembles flous
    [Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty in Benin: A Fuzzy Subsets Approach]
    ," MPRA Paper 27005, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Aug 2009.

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