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Determinantes de la pobreza extrema en España desde una doble perspectiva: Monetaria y de privación /Severe poverty determinants in Spain using both a monetary and a deprivation approach

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  • GIL IZQUIERDO, MARÍA

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales. UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID)

  • ORTIZ SERRANO, SALVADOR

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales. UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID)

Abstract

Los cambios experimentados por la sociedad española en las últimas décadas pueden haber modificado la distribución de la renta y el perfil de pobreza en nuestro país. El presente trabajo tiene como principal objetivo retomar el análisis de los factores socioeconómicos que determinan las situaciones de pobreza extrema en el nuevo milenio. Utilizando algunos indicadores monetarios tradicionales para la medición de la pobreza, los resultados demuestran que existen ciertos factores que perduran en el tiempo como determinantes de la pobreza extrema, mientras que otras variables han modificado su impacto. Esta visión monetaria de la pobreza se completa con un estudio de la misma desde un punto de vista de privación, comprobándose que, cuando se adopta un enfoque multidimensional, algunos de los factores que determinan la pobreza extrema cambian su efecto. Changes in Spanish society in last decades may have modified the income distribution and the poverty profile in our country. The main aim of this paper is to bring up to date the analysis of socioeconomic factors determining situations of severe poverty in the new millennium. Using some of the traditional monetary indexes for poverty measuring, results show the prevalence in time of several factors as determinants of severe poverty, whereas some other variables have modified their impact. This monetary vision of poverty is completed using a deprivation poverty approach; we may conclude that when a multidimensional approach is adopted, some of the factors determining severe poverty have a different effect.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Estudios de Economía Aplicada in its journal Estudios de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): (Agosto)
Pages: 437-462

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Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:27_2_7

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  1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  2. A. Atkinson, 2003. "Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 51-65, April.
  3. Desai, Meghnad & Shah, Anup, 1988. "An Econometric Approach to the Measurement of Poverty," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 505-22, September.
  4. Bibi, Sami, 2005. "Measuring Poverty in a Multidimensional Perspective: a Review of Literature," Working Papers PMMA 2005-07, PEP-PMMA.
  5. Bourguignon, F. & Chakravarty, S.R., 1998. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," DELTA Working Papers 98-12, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
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