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Les déterminants du bien-être des ménages en Basse Kabylie : une analyse de régression

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  • Abdoune Benallaoua

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

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    Abstract

    Cette étude vise à identifier les déterminants du bien être monétaire des ménages en basse Kabylie à travers l’estimation économétrique du logarithme de la dépense par tête. L’incidence de la pauvreté en basse Kabylie se situe à 2,4% pour la pauvreté alimentaire et à 15% pour la pauvreté totale. L’analyse des profils de pauvreté dans ses diverses composantes (incidence, intensité et inégalité) ainsi que la contribution des différents groupes socioéconomiques, fait ressortir l’importance de la pauvreté dans les régions rurales et sa prédominance dans les ménages de grande taille et dont les chefs sont faiblement instruits, chômeurs ou ouvriers. L’analyse des déterminants du bien être, enrichit la compréhension du phénomène de pauvreté. Elle met en avant l’influence significative jouée par le milieu de résidence, la taille du ménage, la possession d’actifs physiques, la part des membres occupés. Enfin, cette étude montre la vulnérabilité de certains ménages bénéficiant de transferts en provenance de l’étranger. La disparition de ces fonds, suite au décès du bénéficiaire va conduire inéluctablement à la détérioration soudaine du niveau de vie de ces ménages qui ne disposent d’aucun moyen alternative pour faire face à un tel choc. This study relates to identify the determinants of the households monetary welfare in Low Kabylie through the econometric estimate of the logarithm of the expenditure per capita. The incidence of poverty in Low Kabylie accounts for 2,4 % for food poverty and 15 % for total poverty. The analysis of the poverty profile in its various components (incidence, intensity and inequality) as well as the contribution of the various socio-economic groups emphasizes the importance of poverty in the rural areas and its prevalence in the households with high size and whose household heads are slightly informed, unemployed or workers. The Analysis of the determinants of the well-being enriches comprehension of poverty. It proposes a significant influence played by the area of residence, the size of the household, the possession of equipments, and the share of the occupied members. Finally, this study indicates the vulnerability of certain households having remittances. The disappearance of these incomes, following to the death of the beneficiary is going to lead inevitably to the sudden deterioration of the standard of living of these households which don’t have any alternative way to face this shock.(Full text in french)

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 145.

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    Length: 12 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:145

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