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Statistical evaluation of spatial concentration of unemployment by gender

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  • Jaba, Elisabeta
  • Balan, Christiana
  • Roman, Mihai
  • Roman, Monica

Abstract

This paper studies the spatial distribution of unemployment by gender, in the counties of Romania, in 2008.The Lorenz curve and Gini index are used to identify a pattern of spatial concentration of unemployment, differentiated by gender. Evaluation of gender differences in unemployment spatial concentration model shows significant differences. There is a greater spatial concentration of unemployment for female population. Based on results of grouping counties by cluster analysis applied for unemployment rate, one could explain the gender differences in spatial concentration correlated with spatial distribution of the workforce and the characteristics of territorial development of counties in Romania.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 25161.

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Date of creation: Jan 2010
Date of revision: May 2010
Publication status: Published in Economic Computation and Economic Cybernetics Studies and Research 3.44(2010): pp. 79-92
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25161

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Keywords: unemployment; spatial concentration; gender discrepancies; cluster analysis; regional development; Romania;

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  1. Frederiksen, Anders, 2008. "Gender differences in job separation rates and employment stability: New evidence from employer-employee data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 915-937, October.
  2. Karl Aiginger & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2006. "Specialization and concentration: a note on theory and evidence," Empirica, Springer, Springer, vol. 33(4), pages 255-266, September.
  3. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  4. Jaba, Elisabeta & Balan, Christiana & Roman, Monica & Viorica, Daniela & Roman, Mihai, 2008. "Employment rate prognosis on the basis of the development environment trend displayed by years-clusters," MPRA Paper 20337, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2008.
  5. Olga Alonso-Villar & Coral Del Rio, 2007. "Geographical Concentration of Unemployment: A Male-Female Comparison in Spain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(3), pages 401-412.
  6. Karen Leppel, 2009. "Labour Force Status and Sexual Orientation," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 76(301), pages 197-207, 02.
  7. Zizi Goschin & Daniela-L. Constantin & Monica Roman & Bogdan Ileanu, 2008. "The current state and dynamics of regional disparities in Romania," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 2(2), pages 80-105, December.
  8. Roman, Monica, 2008. "The efficiency analysis applied for the evaluation of labour market policies: Study case for Romania," MPRA Paper 20332, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2008.
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