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An Account of Geographic Concentration Patterns in Europe

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  • Marius BRÜLHART
  • Rolf TRAEGER

Abstract

Using entropy indices and associated bootstrap tests, we describe the distribution of economic sectors across Western European regions over the 1975-2000 period. We decompose geographic concentration into its within-country and between-country components. In addition, we estimate centre -periphery gradients in sectoral location patterns and the impact of EU membership on countries' internal geography. It is found that manufacturing has become gradually more concentrated, although the locational bias towards central regions has become weaker. Conversely, market services have been relocating towards centrally located regions. EU integration appears to have strengthened countries' internal concentration trends.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP in its series Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) with number 03.06.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol.35 (6), November 2005, pp. 597-624
Handle: RePEc:lau:crdeep:03.06

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP, Internef, CH-1015 Lausanne
Phone: ++41 21 692.33.64
Fax: ++41 21 692.33.05
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Web page: http://www.hec.unil.ch/deep/publications/cahiers/series
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Keywords: geographic concentration; EU regions; centre-periphery gradients; entropy indices; bootstrap inference;

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References

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