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What are we assuming when using inequality measures to quantify geographic concentration? An axiomatic approach

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  • Olga Alonso-Villar

Abstract

This paper formally shows the parallel that exists between inequality and spatial concentration measurement. This examination allows us to unveil the properties that the literature is implicitly assuming when using inequality measures to quantify the spatial concentration of economic activity. Thus, the properties satisfied by the Gini index and the generalized entropy family when using them to analyze location patterns are shown. In addition, another inequality-based concentration measure is proposed. Finally, the basic properties of the concentration measurement when using “employment Lorenz curves” are unveiled, and additive decompositions of these curves are proposed.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada in its series Working Papers with number 0801.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:vig:wpaper:0801

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Related research

Keywords: Inequality measures; Segregation; Geographic concentration; Axioms;

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References

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  1. Coral del Río & Olga Alonso-Villar, 2007. "An alternative proposal for measuring occupational segregation," Working Papers 82, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  2. Casey J. Dawkins, 2007. "Space And The Measurement Of Income Segregation," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(2), pages 255-272.
  3. Haaland, Jan I. & Kind, Hans Jarle & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 1999. "What Determines the Economic Geography of Europe?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2072, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Jens Suedekum, 2006. "Concentration and Specialization Trends in Germany since Re-unification," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(8), pages 861-873.
  5. Joeri Gorter & Albert van der Horst & S. Brakman & H.F.L. Garretsen & M. Schram, 2005. "New economic geography, empirics, and regional policy," CPB Special Publication 56, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  6. Paulo Guimar�es & Octávio Figueiredo & Douglas Woodward, 2007. "Measuring The Localization Of Economic Activity: A Parametric Approach," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(4), pages 753-774.
  7. Frank Bickenbach & Eckhardt Bode, 2006. "Disproportionality Measures of Concentration, Specialization, and Polarization," Kiel Working Papers 1276, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  8. Coral del Río & Olga Alonso-Villar, 2008. "Occupational and industrial segregation of female and male workers in Spain: An alternative approach," Working Papers 84, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  9. Karl Aiginger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2004. "The Single Market and Geographic Concentration in Europe," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 1-11, 02.
  10. Olga Alonso-Villar & Coral Del Rio, 2007. "Geographical Concentration of Unemployment: A Male-Female Comparison in Spain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(3), pages 401-412.
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