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Agglomeration Premium and Trading Activity of Firms

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  • Gábor Békés
  • Péter Harasztosi

Abstract

Firms may benefit from proximity to each other due to the existence of several externalities. The productivity premia of firms located in agglomerated regions can be attributed to savings and gains from external economies. However, the capacity to absorb information may depend on activities of the firm, such as involvement in international trade. Importers, exporters and two-way traders are likely to employ a different bundle of resources and be organised differently so that they would appreciate inputs and information from other firms in a different fashion and intensity. Getting a better understanding of such external economies by looking at various types of firms is the focus of present paper. Using Hungarian manufacturing data from 1992-2003, we confirm that firms perform better in agglomerated areas and show that traders gain more in terms of productivity than non-traders when agglomeration rises. Firms that are stable participants of international trade gain 16 % in terms of total factor productivity growth as agglomeration doubles while non-traders may not benefit from agglomeration at all. Results also suggest that traders' productivity premium is most apparent in urbanised economies.

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Paper provided by Center for Firms in the Global Economy in its series CeFiG Working Papers with number 11.

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Date of creation: 28 Jan 2010
Date of revision: 28 Jan 2010
Handle: RePEc:cfg:cfigwp:11

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  1. Agglomeration premium and trading activities of firms
    by aamighini in NEP-INT blog on 2010-03-12 09:29:16
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Cited by:
  1. Ksenia Gonchar & Tatyana Ratnikova, 2012. "Explaining the Productivity Advantages of Manufacturing Firms in Russian Urban Agglomerations," HSE Working papers WP BRP 22/EC/2012, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  2. Sun, Churen & Yu, Zhihao & Zhang, Tao, 2012. "Agglomeration and Trade with Heterogeneous Firms," MPRA Paper 49001, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Aug 2013.
  3. Ksenia Gonchar & Tatyana Ratnikova, 2013. "Explaining the productivity advantages of manufacturing firms in Russian urban agglomerations," ERSA conference papers ersa13p123, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Evgeniya Kolomak, 2012. "Urbanization and Economic Development in Russia," ERSA conference papers ersa12p82, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Churen Sun & Zhihao Yu & Tao Zhang, 2012. "Agglomeration, Productivity, and Firms¡® Exports: Evidence from Chinese Firm-level Data," ERSA conference papers ersa12p882, European Regional Science Association.
  6. Sun, Churen & Tian, Guoqiang & Zhang, Tao, 2011. "When Pareto meets Melitz: the inapplicability of the Melitz-Pareto model for Chinese firms," MPRA Paper 35597, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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