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Matching Skills and Jobs in Estonia

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  • Lilas Demmou

Abstract

The labour market in Estonia is volatile, increasing the risk that groups with some obstacles to enter the labour market (youth, non-Estonian speakers and workers with no upper secondary graduation certificate) may become long-term unemployed, due to the aggravating skills mismatch in the wake of structural change. Avoiding a permanent exit from the labour force makes a multi-pronged strategy necessary, including strengthening activation policies, a better school-to-job transition, improving the cooperation with employers to improve vocational training programmes, stepping up targeting life-long learning support, and improving the access of tertiary studies for students from weak social backgrounds. Faire coïncider compétences et emplois en Estonie Le marché du travail en Estonie est volatile ce qui, en raison d’une aggravation des problèmes d’inadéquation des compétences, augmente le risque de chômage de long terme pour certains groupes subissant davantage de barrières à l’entrée sur le marché du travail (les jeunes, la population ne parlant pas estonien et les travailleurs sans diplômes du secondaire). Afin de réduire le risque de sortie définitive du marché du travail une stratégie sur plusieurs fronts est nécessaire, incluant le renforcement des politiques actives du marché du travail, l’amélioration de la transition entre l’école et le marché du travail, l’amélioration des programmes d’enseignement professionnel par le biais d’un renforcement de la coopération avec les employeurs, un meilleur ciblage des aides destinées à l’apprentissage tout au long de la vie, et l’amélioration d’un accès aux études supérieures pour les étudiants socialement défavorisés.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 1007.

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Date of creation: 10 Dec 2012
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1007-en

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Keywords: active labour market policies; higher education; life-long learning; skills mismatch; unemployment; Estonia; chômage; formation continue; inéquation des qualifications; Estonie; enseignement professionnel; enseignement supérieur;

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References

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  1. Robert W.R. Price & Andreas Wörgötter, 2011. "Estonia: Making the Most of Globalisation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 876, OECD Publishing.
  2. Bassanini, Andrea & Booth, Alison L. & Brunello, Giorgio & De Paola, Maria & Leuven, Edwin, 2005. "Workplace Training in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 1640, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  13. Anne Lauringson, 2011. "Unemployment Benefits In A Period Of Crisis: The Effect On Unemployment Duration," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 82, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
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Cited by:
  1. Driouchi, Ahmed, 2014. "Unemployment Persistence & Risks of Skill Obsolescence in Arab Countries," MPRA Paper 53793, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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