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Business Cycles and Fertility Dynamics in the U.S.: A Vector-Autoregressive Model

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  • Naci H. Mocan

Abstract

Using recent developments in time-series econometrics, this paper investigates the behavior of fertility over the business cycle. The sex-specific unemployment rates, the divorce rate and the fertility rate are shown to be governed by stochastic trends. Furthermore, fertility is determined to be co-integrated with the divorce and unemployment rates. In the bivariate vector-autoregressions between fertility and unemployment, an increase in the female or male unemployment rates generate a decrease in fertility, which confirms the findings of previous time-series research concerning the procyclical behavior of fertility. However, when the models include the divorce rate and the proportion of young marriages as additional regressors, shocks to the unemployment rates bring about an increase in fertility, implying the countercyclicality of fertility.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 3177.

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Date of creation: Nov 1989
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Publication status: published as "Business Cycles and Fertility Dynamics in the United States: A Vector Autoregressive Model." From Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 3, pp. 125- 146, (1990).
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3177

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  13. Robert B. Litterman, 1979. "Techniques of forecasting using vector autoregressions," Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 115, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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  18. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
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