Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya
AbstractI use a randomized experiment to test whether information can change sexual behavior among teenagers in Kenya. Providing information on the relative risk of HIV infection by partner's age led to a 28% decrease in teen pregnancy, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. Self-reported sexual behavior data suggests substitution away from older (riskier) partners and towards protected sex with same-age partners. In contrast, the national abstinence-only HIV education curriculum had no impact on teen pregnancy. These results suggest that teenagers are responsive to risk information but their sexual behavior is more elastic on the intensive than on the extensive margin.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14707.
Date of creation: Feb 2009
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Other versions of this item:
- Pascaline Dupas, 2011. "Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 1-34, January.
- C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
- O12 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2009-02-07 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2009-02-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2009-02-07 (Development)
- NEP-EXP-2009-02-07 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-HEA-2009-02-07 (Health Economics)
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