Does Spatial Proximity Matter? Micro-evidence from Italy
AbstractThe effect of spatial agglomeration (localisation and urbanisation economies) on employment growth is explored over a balanced panel of 23,374 Italian firms, using a flexible Bayesian model. Contrary to previous research, the agglomeration economies measures are calculated using direct measures of physical distances between pairs of firms, rather than with respect to pre-specified geographical units. We find that localisation effects are positive but decreasing with distance, while the variety effects are negative for distances within 10 kilometers and become positive for distances in a range of 10-30 kilometers. Our results suggest that the use of geographic units such as standard metropolitan units, LLS, administrative regions or provinces can be misleading.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Molise, Dept. EGSeI in its series Economics & Statistics Discussion Papers with number esdp08042.
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 22 Feb 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in N. De Liso and R. Leoncini (Eds.), 2010. Internationalization, Technological Change and the Theory of the Firm. London, Routledge.
Proximity; agglomeration; knowledge spillover; employment.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- O47 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-03-08 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2008-03-08 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-KNM-2008-03-08 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-URE-2008-03-08 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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