Science and Ideology in Economic, Political, and Social Thought
AbstractThis paper has two sources: One is my own research in three broad areas: business cycles, economic measurement and social choice. In all of these fields I attempted to apply the basic precepts of the scientific method as it is understood in the natural sciences. I found that my effort at using natural science methods in economics was met with little understanding and often considerable hostility. I found economics to be driven less by common sense and empirical evidence, then by various ideologies that exhibited either a political or a methodological bias, or both. This brings me to the second source: Several books have appeared recently that describe in historical terms the ideological forces that have shaped either the direct areas in which I worked, or a broader background. These books taught me that the ideological forces in the social sciences are even stronger than I imagined on the basis of my own experiences. The scientific method is the antipode to ideology. I feel that the scientific work that I have done on specific, long standing and fundamental problems in economics and political science have given me additional insights into the destructive role of ideology beyond the history of thought orientation of the works I will be discussing.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Munich, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers in Economics with number 1246.
Date of creation: Nov 2006
Date of revision:
Business cycles; Ideology; Science; Voting; Welfare measurement;
Other versions of this item:
- Hillinger, Claude, 2008. "Science and Ideology in Economic, Political and Social Thought," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 2(2), pages 1-70.
- Hillinger, Claude, 2007. "Science and ideology in economic, political and social thought," Economics Discussion Papers 2007-43, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
- C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
- D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-12-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2006-12-01 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-HPE-2006-12-01 (History & Philosophy of Economics)
- NEP-MAC-2006-12-01 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-PKE-2006-12-01 (Post Keynesian Economics)
- NEP-SOG-2006-12-01 (Sociology of Economics)
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- Hillinger, Claude, 2008.
"Measuring Real Value and Inflation,"
Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal,
Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 2(20), pages 1-26.
- Wicks, Rick, 2008.
"A Model of Dynamic Balance among the Three Spheres of Society – Markets, Governments, and Communities – Applied to Understanding the Relative Importance of Social Capital and Social Goods,"
Working Papers in Economics
292, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 01 Jan 2009.
- Rick Wicks, 2009. "A model of dynamic balance among the three spheres of society – markets, governments, and communities: Applied to understanding the relative importance of social capital and social goods," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(5), pages 535-565, April.
- Hillinger, Claude, 2010.
"The crisis and beyond: thinking outside the box,"
Economics Discussion Papers
2010-1, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- Hillinger, Claude, 2010. "The crisis and beyond: Thinking outside the box," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 4(23), pages 1-61.
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