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Is The Output-Capital Ratio Constant In The Very Long Run?

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  • Jakob Madsen
  • Russell Smyth

Abstract

A key prediction of standard models of economic growth is that the output-capital ratio is constant along the economy's balanced growth path. Using data for 16 OECD countries over 135 years we examine whether the output-capital ratio reverts to a constant in the long run using univariate and panel stationarity tests with structural breaks. Univariate unit root tests with one and two breaks in the mean suggest that, in most circumstances, the output-capital ratio fails to revert towards a mean. However, when we allow for up to five breaks in the mean we find that for 15 of the 16 countries, the output-capital ratio is stationary and that the output-capital ratio is also panel stationary.

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File URL: http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/eco/research/papers/2008/1008outputcapitalmadsensmyth.pdf
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Paper provided by Monash University, Department of Economics in its series Monash Economics Working Papers with number 10/08.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: 01 May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2008-10

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  1. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
  2. Jakob B. Madsen & E. Philip Davis, 2004. "Equity Prices, Productivity Growth, and the 'New Economy'," EPRU Working Paper Series 04-05, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  3. Perron, Pierre, 1989. "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1361-1401, November.
  4. Andrew B. Abel & Olivier J. Blanchard, 1983. "An Intertemporal Model of Saving and Investment," NBER Working Papers 0885, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Clemente, Jesus & Montanes, Antonio & Reyes, Marcelo, 1998. "Testing for a unit root in variables with a double change in the mean," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 175-182, May.
  6. Perron, Pierre & Vogelsang, Timothy J, 1992. "Nonstationarity and Level Shifts with an Application to Purchasing Power Parity," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(3), pages 301-20, July.
  7. Pasaran, M.H. & Im, K.S. & Shin, Y., 1995. "Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9526, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  8. A. Scorcu, 2002. "On the Time Stability of the Output-Capital Ratio," Working Papers 434, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  9. Josep Llu�s Carrion-i-Silvestre & Tom�s del Barrio-Castro & Enrique L�pez-Bazo, 2005. "Breaking the panels: An application to the GDP per capita," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 8(2), pages 159-175, 07.
  10. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
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