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Is The Output–Capital Ratio Constant In The Very Long Run?

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  • JAKOB B. MADSEN
  • VINOD MISHRA
  • RUSSELL SMYTH

Abstract

A key prediction of standard models of economic growth is that the output-capital ratio is constant along the economy's balanced growth path. Using data for 16 OECD countries over 135 years we examine whether the output-capital ratio reverts to a constant in the long run using univariate and panel stationarity tests with structural breaks. Univariate unit root tests with one and two breaks in the mean suggest that, in most circumstances, the output-capital ratio fails to revert towards a mean. However, when we allow for up to five breaks in the mean we find that for 15 of the 16 countries, the output-capital ratio is stationary and that the output-capital ratio is also panel stationary.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Manchester in its journal The Manchester School.

Volume (Year): 80 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (03)
Pages: 210-236

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Handle: RePEc:bla:manchs:v:80:y:2012:i:2:p:210-236

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  1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  2. A. Scorcu, 2002. "On the Time Stability of the Output-Capital Ratio," Working Papers 434, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  3. Josep Llu�s Carrion-i-Silvestre & Tom�s del Barrio-Castro & Enrique L�pez-Bazo, 2005. "Breaking the panels: An application to the GDP per capita," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 8(2), pages 159-175, 07.
  4. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
  5. Abel, Andrew B & Blanchard, Olivier J, 1983. "An Intertemporal Model of Saving and Investment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(3), pages 675-92, May.
  6. Jakob B Madsen & E Philip Davis, 2003. "Equity Prices, Productivity Growth, And ‘The New Economy’," Economics and Finance Discussion Papers 03-04, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University.
  7. Perron, Pierre, 1989. "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1361-1401, November.
  8. Clemente, Jesus & Montanes, Antonio & Reyes, Marcelo, 1998. "Testing for a unit root in variables with a double change in the mean," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 175-182, May.
  9. Im, Kyung So & Pesaran, M. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 2003. "Testing for unit roots in heterogeneous panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 53-74, July.
  10. Perron, Pierre & Vogelsang, Timothy J, 1992. "Nonstationarity and Level Shifts with an Application to Purchasing Power Parity," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(3), pages 301-20, July.
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