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Overcoming the Natural Resource Constraint Through Dedicated R&D Effort with Heterogenous Labor Supply

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  • AMIGUES Jean-Pierre

    (LERNA, University of Toulouse)

  • MOREAUX Michel

    (LERNA, University of Toulouse)

  • RICCI Francesco

    (LERNA, University of Toulouse)

Abstract

The effective labor possibility frontier (ELPF) is defined as the set of statically efficient allocations of labor imputs in the competing tasks of production and R&D. It summaries the labor scarcity constraint. We show that the dynamically efficient paths of R&D, resource extraction and consumption depend on the shape of the ELPF, while their steady state levels do not. In the case of an initial low endowment of resources, the transition to the stationary state is characterized by lower R&D effort, slower growth of per-capita consumption and a longer transition when labor is relatively specialized than when it is more flexible. We analyse policy options for modifying the shape of the ELPF, such as increasing the size of the labor force, subsiding higher education or lifelong learning.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LERNA, University of Toulouse in its series LERNA Working Papers with number 06.22.215.

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Date of creation: Aug 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ler:wpaper:06.22.215

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  1. Jean-Pierre Amigues & André Grimaud & Michel Moreaux, 2004. "Ressources non-renouvelables, impatience et effort optimal de recherche-développement," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(3), pages 393-416.
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  7. Paul M. Romer, 2001. "Should the Government Subsidize Supply or Demand in the Market for Scientists and Engineers?," NBER Chapters, in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1, pages 221-252 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Hartwick, John M, 1977. "Intergenerational Equity and the Investing of Rents from Exhaustible Resources," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(5), pages 972-74, December.
  9. Poul Schou, 2000. "Polluting Non-Renewable Resources and Growth," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 16(2), pages 211-227, June.
  10. Tsur, Yacov & Zemel, Amos, 2005. "Scarcity, growth and R&D," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 484-499, May.
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  14. Brunner, Martin & Strulik, Holger, 2002. "Solution of perfect foresight saddlepoint problems: a simple method and applications," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 737-753, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Jakub, GROWIEC & Ingmar, SCHUMACHER, 2006. "On Technical Change in the Elasticities of Resource Inputs," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2006031, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.

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