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Externe Effekte der Bildung: Mythos oder Rechtfertigung für öffentliche Bildungsfinanzierung?

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  • Benedikt Langner
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    Abstract

    Der vorliegende Artikel unterzieht das Argument der externen Effekte im Bildungsbereich einer kritischen Prüfung und zeigt mögliche Konsequenzen für die Rechtfertigung öffentlicher Bildungsfinanzierung auf. Hierzu erfolgt zunächst eine differenzierte Betrachtung des „Gutes“ Bildung. Daran anschließend werden einzelne Argumentationsketten aus der bestehenden Literatur vorgestellt und diskutiert, die den Tatbestand eines externen Effekts erfüllen könnten. Es wird argumentiert, dass das Argument der externen Effekte im Bildungsbereich aus theoretischer Sicht wenig stichhaltig ist. Eine Teilfinanzierung, bzw. die gegenwärtige Komplettfinanzierung des Schulbereichs ist aus ordnungspolitischer Sicht hiermit nicht zu begründen. Hierzu bedarf es anderer Argumentationslinien.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Otto-Wolff-Institut für Wirtschaftsordnung, Köln, Deutschland in its series Otto-Wolff-Institut Discussion Paper Series with number 02/2007.

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    Date of creation: Feb 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:kln:owiwdp:dp_02_2007

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    Keywords: Public Education; Education Reform;

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    1. Psacharopoulos, George & Patrinos, Harry Anthony, 2002. "Returns to investment in education : a further update," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2881, The World Bank.
    2. Barbara L. Wolfe & Robert H. Haveman, 2002. "Social and nonmarket benefits from education in an advanced economy," Conference Series ; [Proceedings], Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, vol. 47(Jun), pages 97-142.
    3. Lott, John R, Jr, 1990. "An Explanation for Public Provision of Schooling: The Importance of Indoctrination," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(1), pages 199-231, April.
    4. Robert H. Haveman & Barbara L. Wolfe, 1984. "Schooling and Economic Well-Being: The Role of Nonmarket Effects," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 19(3), pages 377-407.
    5. Frank Kupferschmidt & Berthold U. Wigger, 2006. "Öffentliche versus private Finanzierung der Hochschulbildung: Effizienz- und Verteilungsaspekte," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 7(2), pages 285-307, 05.
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