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How Do E-Verify Mandates Affect Unauthorized Immigrant Workers?

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  • Orrenius, Pia M.

    ()
    (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas)

  • Zavodny, Madeline

    ()
    (Agnes Scott College)

Abstract

A number of states have adopted laws that require employers to use the federal government's E-Verify program to check workers' eligibility to work legally in the United States. Using data from the Current Population Survey, this study examines whether such laws affect labor market outcomes among Mexican immigrants who are likely to be unauthorized. We find evidence that E-Verify mandates reduce average hourly earnings among likely unauthorized male Mexican immigrants while increasing labor force participation and employment among likely unauthorized female Mexican immigrants. In contrast, the mandates appear to lead to better labor market outcomes among workers likely to compete with unauthorized immigrants. Employment and earnings rise among male Mexican immigrants who are naturalized citizens in states that adopt E-Verify mandates, and earnings rise among U.S.-born Hispanic men.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7992.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7992

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Keywords: unauthorized immigration; immigration policy; electronic verification; E-Verify;

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  1. Moscarini, Giuseppe & Thomsson, Kaj, 2006. "Occupational and Job Mobility in the US," Working Papers, Yale University, Department of Economics 19, Yale University, Department of Economics.
  2. David Neumark & J.M. Ian Salas & William Wascher, 2013. "Revisiting the Minimum Wage-Employment Debate: Throwing Out the Baby with the Bathwater?," NBER Working Papers 18681, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  6. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Cynthia Bansak & Allan A. Zebedee, 2014. "On the Effectiveness of SB1070 in Arizona," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1424, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  7. Julie L. Hotchkiss & Myriam Quispe‐Agnoli, 2013. "The Expected Impact of State Immigration Legislation on Labor Market Outcomes," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(1), pages 34-59, 01.
  8. Magnus Lofstrom & Laura Hill & Joseph Hayes, 2013. "Wage And Mobility Effects Of Legalization: Evidence From The New Immigrant Survey," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1), pages 171-197, 02.
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