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Establishment Exits in Germany: The Role of Size and Age

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  • Fackler, Daniel

    ()
    (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

  • Schnabel, Claus

    ()
    (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

  • Wagner, Joachim

    ()
    (Leuphana University Lüneburg)

Abstract

Using comprehensive data for West Germany, this paper investigates the determinants of establishment exit. We find that between 1975 and 2006 the average exit rate has risen considerably. In order to test various "liabilities" of establishment survival identified in the literature, we analyze the impact of establishment size and put a special focus on differences between young and mature establishments. Our empirical analysis shows that the mortality risk falls with establishment size, which confirms the liability of smallness. The probability of exit is substantially higher for young establishments which are not more than five years old, thus confirming the liability of newness. There also exists a liability of aging since exit rates first decline over time, reaching a minimum at ages 15 to 18, and then rise again somewhat. The determinants of exit differ substantially between young and mature establishments, suggesting that young establishments are more vulnerable in a number of ways.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6349.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Small Business Economics, 2013, 41 (3), 683-700
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6349

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Keywords: firm exits; Germany;

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Cited by:
  1. Fackler, Daniel & Schnabel, Claus, 2013. "Survival of spinoffs and other startups: First evidence for the private sector in Germany, 1976-2008," Discussion Papers 84, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  2. Fackler, Daniel, 2014. "Establishment survival in East and West Germany: A comparative analysis," Discussion Papers 90, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.

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