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The Evolution of the Racial Gap in Education and the Legacy of Slavery

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  • Bertocchi, Graziella

    ()
    (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

  • Dimico, Arcangelo

    ()
    (Queen's University Belfast)

Abstract

We study the evolution of racial educational inequality across US states from 1940 to 2000. We show that throughout this period, despite evidence of convergence, the racial gap in attainment between blacks and whites has been persistently determined by the initial gap. We obtain these results with 2SLS estimates where slavery is used as an instrument for the initial gap. The excludability of slavery is preliminarily established by instrumenting it with the share of disembarked slaves from the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Using the same approach we also find that income growth is negatively affected by the initial racial gap in education and that slavery affects growth indirectly through this channel.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6192.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6192

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Keywords: inequality; education; slavery; development; race;

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  1. Jones, C.I., 2000. "Sources of U.S. Economic Growth in a World of Ideas," Papers, United Nations World Employment Programme- 99-29, United Nations World Employment Programme-.
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  8. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  9. Oded Galor & Omer Moav & Dietrich Vollrath, 2009. "Inequality in Landownership, the Emergence of Human-Capital Promoting Institutions, and the Great Divergence," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(1), pages 143-179.
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  1. More on the long term consequence of slavery in Africa
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2012-01-03 16:32:00

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