Sources of U.S. Economic Growth in a World of Ideas
AbstractAt least since 1950, the U.S.economy has benefited from increases in both educational attainment and research intensity. Such changes suggest, contrary to the conventional view, that the U.S.economy is far from its steady-state balanced growth path. This paper develops a model in which these facts are reconciled with the stability of av- erage U.S. growth rates over the last century. In the model, long-run growth is driven by the worldwide discovery of new ideas, which in turn is tied to world population growth. Nevertheless, a constant growth path can temporarily be maintained at a rate greater than the long- run rate provided research intensity and educational attainment rise steadily over time. Growth accounting with this model reveals that 30 percent of U.S. growth between 1950 and 1993 is attributable to the rise in educational attainment, 50 percent is attributable to the rise in worldwide research intensity, and only about 10 to 15percent is due to the long-run component of growth related to the increase in world population.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by United Nations World Employment Programme- in its series Papers with number 99-29.
Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
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Postal: International Center for Economic Growth, 243 Kearny Street, San Francisco, California 94108.
ECONOMIC POLICY ; ECONOMIC GROWTH;
Other versions of this item:
- Charles I. Jones, 2002. "Sources of U.S. Economic Growth in a World of Ideas," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(1), pages 220-239, March.
- Charles I. Jones, . "Sources of U.S. Economic Growth in a World of Ideas," Working Papers 98009, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
- O40 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
- E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
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