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Comparing the Early Research Performance of PhD Graduates in Labor Economics in Europe and the USA

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Author Info

  • Cardoso, Ana Rute

    ()
    (IAE Barcelona (CSIC))

  • Guimaraes, Paulo

    ()
    (University of Porto)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    ()
    (IZA and University of Bonn)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the early research performance of PhD graduates in labor economics, addressing the following questions: Are there major productivity differences between graduates from American and European institutions? If so, how relevant is the quality of the training received (i.e. ranking of institution and supervisor) and the research environment in the subsequent job placement institution? The population under study consists of labor economics PhD graduates who received their degree in the years 2000 to 2005 in Europe or the USA. Research productivity is evaluated alternatively as the number of publications or the quality-adjusted number of publications of an individual. When restricting the analysis to the number of publications, results suggest a higher productivity by graduates from European universities than from USA universities, but this difference vanishes when accounting for the quality of the publication. The results also indicate that graduates placed at American institutions, in particular top ones, are likely to publish more quality-adjusted articles than their European counterparts. This may be because, when hired, they already have several good acceptances or because of more focused research efforts and clearer career incentives.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3898.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Scientometrics, 2010, 84 (3), 621-637
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3898

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Keywords: research productivity; graduate programs;

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References

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  1. DREZE, Jacques H; & ESTEVAN, Fernanda, . "Research and higher education in economics: can we deliver the Lisbon objectives," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1941, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  5. Kocher, Martin G. & Luptácik, Mikulás & Sutter, Matthias, 2006. "Measuring productivity of research in economics: A cross-country study using DEA," Munich Reprints in Economics 18192, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  6. Wayne A. Grove & Stephen Wu, 2007. "The Search for Economics Talent: Doctoral Completion and Research Productivity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 506-511, May.
  7. Tom Coupé, 2003. "Revealed Performances: Worldwide Rankings of Economists and Economics Departments, 1990-2000," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(6), pages 1309-1345, December.
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  12. Susan Athey & Lawrence F. Katz & Alan B. Krueger & Steven Levitt & James Poterba, 2007. "What Does Performance in Graduate School Predict? Graduate Economics Education and Student Outcomes," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 512-520, May.
  13. Oswald, Andrew J., 2008. "Can We Test for Bias in Scientific Peer-Review?," IZA Discussion Papers 3665, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. Christiana Hilmer & Michael Hilmer, 2007. "Women Helping Women, Men Helping Women? Same-Gender Mentoring, Initial Job Placements, and Early Career Publishing Success for Economics PhDs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 422-426, May.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Performance of labour PhDs
    by Richard Tol in The Irish Economy on 2010-08-30 08:25:46
  2. Early Research Performance of PhD Graduates in Labour Economics (EU and US)
    by Liam Delaney in Geary Behaviour Centre on 2010-08-30 20:04:00
Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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Cited by:
  1. Hamermesh, Daniel S. & Pfann, Gerard A., 2009. "Markets for Reputation: Evidence on Quality and Quantity in Academe," IZA Discussion Papers 4610, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Borghans, Lex & Cörvers, Frank, 2009. "The Americanization of European Higher Education and Research," IZA Discussion Papers 4445, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Ketzler, Rolf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2012. "A Citation-Analysis of Economic Research Institutes," IZA Discussion Papers 6780, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2011. "Evidenzbasierte Politikberatung," IZA Standpunkte 38, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Oswald, Andrew J., 2009. "A Suggested Method for the Measurement of World-Leading Research (Illustrated with Data on Economics)," IZA Discussion Papers 4313, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Oswald, Andrew J., 2009. "World-Leading Research and its Measurement," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 887, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.

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