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Youth Risk-Taking Behavior in Brazil: Drug Use and Teenage Pregnancies

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Author Info

  • Cardoso, Ana Rute

    ()
    (IAE Barcelona (CSIC))

  • Verner, Dorte

    ()
    (World Bank)

Abstract

Using an extensive survey addressing risk factors faced by the population in the shantytowns of Fortaleza, Brazil, the aim of this paper is to study interactions among different types of risk-taking behavior by youth, namely drug use and teenage pregnancy. We check the impact of factors such as exposure to mass media, the existence of support networks, self-esteem, or the occurrence of violence at home and in the neighborhood, on the probability of risk-taking behavior. A bivariate probit model is estimated. Findings indicate that reliance on support networks and exposure to mass media are associated with a lower probability of either type of risk behavior. Living in a violent home increased drug consumption. Race does not have a significant impact on either type of behavior.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3030.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3030

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Related research

Keywords: drug use; teenage pregnancy; sexual behavior; reproductive health; teenage behavior;

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References

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  1. Kooreman, Peter, 2003. "Time, Money, Peers, and Parents: Some Data and Theories on Teenage Behavior," IZA Discussion Papers 931, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Heather Antecol & Kelly Bedard, 2007. "Does single parenthood increase the probability of teenage promiscuity, substance use, and crime?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 55-71, February.
  3. Rashad, Inas & Kaestner, Robert, 2004. "Teenage sex, drugs and alcohol use: problems identifying the cause of risky behaviors," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 493-503, May.
  4. Cardoso, Ana Rute & Verner, Dorte, 2006. "School Drop-Out and Push-Out Factors in Brazil: The Role of Early Parenthood, Child Labor, and Poverty," IZA Discussion Papers 2515, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Jonathan Gruber, 2001. "Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number grub01-1.
  6. Kooreman, P., 2007. "Time, money, peers, and parents: Some data and theories on teenage behavior," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-284132, Tilburg University.
  7. Rees, Daniel I. & Argys, Laura M. & Averett, Susan L., 2001. "New evidence on the relationship between substance use and adolescent sexual behavior," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 835-845, September.
  8. Michael Grossman & Sara Markowitz, 2002. "I Did What Last Night?!!! Adolescent Risky Sexual Behaviors and Substance Use," NBER Working Papers 9244, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Sen, Bisakha, 2002. "Does alcohol-use increase the risk of sexual intercourse among adolescents? Evidence from the NLSY97," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 1085-1093, November.
  10. Shao-Hsun Keng & Wallace Huffman, 2007. "Binge drinking and labor market success: a longitudinal study on young people," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 35-54, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Eva O. Arceo-Gómez & Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez, 2011. "Teenage Pregnacy in Mexico: Evolution and Consequences," Working papers DTE 516, CIDE, División de Economía.
  2. Berg, Gunhild & Zia, Bilal, 2013. "Harnessing emotional connections to improve financial decisions : evaluating the impact of financial education in mainstream media," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6407, The World Bank.

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