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Taking Chances: The Effect of Growing Up on Welfare on the Risky Behavior of Young People

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Author Info

  • Cobb-Clark, Deborah A.

    ()
    (University of Melbourne)

  • Ryan, Chris

    ()
    (Australian National University)

  • Sartbayeva, Anastasia

    ()
    (Australian National University)

Abstract

We analyze the effect of growing up on welfare on young people's involvement in a variety of social and health risks. Young people in welfare families are much more likely to take both social and health risks. Much of the apparent link between family welfare history and risk taking disappears, however, once we account for family structure and mothers' decisions regarding their own risk taking and investment in their children. Interestingly, we find no significant effect of socio-economic status per se. Overall, we find no evidence that growing up on welfare causes young people to engage in risky behavior.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4095.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2012, 114 (3), 729–755
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4095

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Keywords: youths; socio-economic disadvantage; welfare; risky behavior;

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References

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  1. Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 1995. "The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1829-1878, December.
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  7. Michael Grossman & Sarah Markowitz, 2005. "I Did What Last Night? Adolescent Risky Sexual Behaviors and Substance Abuse," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 31(3), pages 383-405, Summer.
  8. Sen, Bisakha, 2002. "Does alcohol-use increase the risk of sexual intercourse among adolescents? Evidence from the NLSY97," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 1085-1093, November.
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  12. Gary Painter & David I. Levine, 2000. "Family Structure and Youths' Outcomes: Which Correlations are Causal?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(3), pages 524-549.
  13. Cardoso, Ana Rute & Verner, Dorte, 2008. "Youth risk-taking behavior in Brazil : drug use and teenage pregnancy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4548, The World Bank.
  14. Heather Antecol & Kelly Bedard, 2007. "Does single parenthood increase the probability of teenage promiscuity, substance use, and crime?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 55-71, February.
  15. Heather Antecol & Kelly Bedard, 2002. "Does Single Parenthood Increase the Probability of Teenage Promiscuity, Drug Use and Crime?," Claremont Colleges Working Papers 2002-23, Claremont Colleges.
  16. Maurin, Eric, 2002. "The impact of parental income on early schooling transitions: A re-examination using data over three generations," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(3), pages 301-332, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Trinh Le, 2013. "Does Participation in Extracurricular Activities Reduce Engagement in Risky Behaviours?," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2013n35, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  2. Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. & Kassenböhmer, Sonja C. & Le, Trinh & McVicar, Duncan & Zhang, Rong, 2013. ""High"-School: The Relationship between Early Marijuana Use and Educational Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 7790, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Alison L. Booth & Pamela Katic, 2013. "Cognitive Skills, Gender and Risk Preferences," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 89(284), pages 19-30, 03.
  4. Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. & Kassenböhmer, Sonja C. & Le, Trinh & McVicar, Duncan & Zhang, Rong, 2013. "Is There an Educational Penalty for Being Suspended from School?," IZA Discussion Papers 7794, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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