How Sibling Composition Affects Adolescent Schooling Outcomes When Welfare Reform Policies Increase Maternal Employment
AbstractPooling across seven experimental studies, this paper examines the role of sibling composition in influencing the effects of 14 welfare and employment programs on adolescents. The findings confirm that these programs--that increase maternal employment--have unfavorable effects on schooling outcomes, decreasing adolescents' school performance, increasing grade repetition and increasing the likelihood of school dropout. Although sibling composition has no relationship with the unfavorable effects of these programs on adolescent's school performance, having a younger sibling does increase suspensions or expulsions and the likelihood of school dropout, possibly because adolescents are taking on additional responsibilities when their mother's employment increases.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.
Volume (Year): 30 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (Winter)
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Adolescent; Schooling; Welfare;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
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