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The Effect of Taxes and Bans on Passive Smoking

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Author Info

  • Adda, Jérôme

    ()
    (European University Institute)

  • Cornaglia, Francesca

    ()
    (Queen Mary, University of London)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the effect of excise taxes and bans on smoking in public places on the exposure to tobacco smoke of non-smokers. We use a novel way of quantifying passive smoking: we use data on cotinine concentration – a metabolite of nicotine – measured in a large population of non-smokers over time. Exploiting state and time variation across US states, we show that excise taxes have a significant effect on passive smoking but smoking bans have contrasting effects on non-smokers. While bans in public transportation or in schools decrease the exposure of non smokers, bans in recreational public places perversely increase their exposure by displacing smokers to private places where they contaminate non smokers, and in particular young children. Bans affect socio-economic groups differently: we find that smoking bans increase the exposure of poorer individuals, while it decreases the exposure of richer individuals.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2191.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2010, 2 (1), 1-32
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2191

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Keywords: passive smoking; taxes; bans;

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References

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  1. Frank J. Chaloupka, 1990. "Rational Addictive Behavior and Cigarette Smoking," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 3268, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Philip DeCicca & Donald Kenkel & Alan Mathios, 2002. "Putting Out the Fires: Will Higher Taxes Reduce the Onset of Youth Smoking?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(1), pages 144-169, February.
  3. Anne Case & Angela Fertig & Christina Paxson, 2004. "The Lasting Impact of Childhood Health and Circumstance," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing. 246, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing..
  4. Gary S. Becker & Michael Grossman & Kevin M. Murphy, 1990. "An Empirical Analysis of Cigarette Addiction," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 3322, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Jérôme Adda & Francesca Cornaglia, 2006. "Taxes, Cigarette Consumption, and Smoking Intensity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 96(4), pages 1013-1028, September.
  6. Marianne Bertrand & Esther Duflo & Sendhil Mullainathan, 2002. "How Much Should We Trust Differences-in-Differences Estimates?," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 8841, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. William N. Evans & Matthew C. Farrelly & Edward Montgomery, 1996. "Do Workplace Smoking Bans Reduce Smoking?," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 5567, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Evans, William N. & Ringel, Jeanne S., 1999. "Can higher cigarette taxes improve birth outcomes?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 135-154, April.
  9. Frank J. Chaloupka & Kenneth E. Warner, 1999. "The Economics of Smoking," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 7047, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Origo Federica & Lucifora Claudio, 2013. "The Effect of Comprehensive Smoking Bans in European Workplaces," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 27, March.
  2. Brodeur, Abel, 2013. "Smoking, Income and Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from Smoking Bans," IZA Discussion Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 7357, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Sijbren Cnossen & D. Forrest & S. Smith, 2009. "Taxation and regulation of smoking, drinking and gambling in the European Union," CPB Special Publication, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis 76, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  4. Canta, Chiara & Dubois, Pierre, 2011. "Smoking within the Household: Spousal Peer Effects and Children's Health Implications," TSE Working Papers, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) 11-260, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Jan 2014.
  5. Jason Abrevaya & Laura Puzzello, 2012. "Taxes, Cigarette Consumption, and Smoking Intensity: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 102(4), pages 1751-63, June.
  6. Marianne P. Bitler & Christopher Carpenter & Madeline Zavodny, 2009. "Effects of Venue-Specific State Clean Indoor Air Laws on Smoking-Related Outcomes," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 15229, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Michael Kvasnicka & Harald Tauchmann, 2012. "Much ado about nothing? Smoking bans and Germany's hospitality industry," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(35), pages 4539-4551, December.
  8. Frijters, Paul & Shields, Michael A. & Price, Stephen Wheatley & Williams, Jenny, 2006. "Quantifying the Cost of Passive Smoking on Child Health: Evidence from Children’s Cotinine Samples," IZA Discussion Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 2219, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00664269 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Jérôme Adda & Francesca Cornaglia, 2006. "Taxes, Cigarette Consumption, and Smoking Intensity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 96(4), pages 1013-1028, September.

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