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Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Mortality Rates Following Smoking Bans

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  • Kanaka D. Shetty
  • Thomas DeLeire
  • Chapin White
  • Jayanta Bhattacharya

Abstract

U.S. state and local governments are increasingly restricting smoking in public places. This paper analyzes nationally representative databases, including the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, to compare short-term changes in mortality and hospitalization rates in smoking-restricted regions with control regions. In contrast with smaller regional studies, we find that workplace bans are not associated with statistically significant short-term declines in mortality or hospital admissions for myocardial infarction or other diseases. An analysis simulating smaller studies using subsamples reveals that large short-term increases in myocardial infarction incidence following a workplace ban are as common as the large decreases reported in the published literature.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14790.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Publication status: published as Kanaka D. Shetty & Thomas DeLeire & Chapin White & Jayanta Bhattacharya, 2011. "Changes in U.S. hospitalization and mortality rates following smoking bans," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(1), pages 6-28, December.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14790

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Cited by:
  1. Andrew Leicester & Peter Levell, 2013. "Anti-smoking policies and smoker well-being: evidence from Britain," IFS Working Papers W13/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Christopher Carpenter & Sabina Postolek & Casey Warman, 2011. "Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)," Working Papers 1260, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  3. Origo Federica & Lucifora Claudio, 2013. "The Effect of Comprehensive Smoking Bans in European Workplaces," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 27, March.
  4. Reto Odermatt & Alois Stutzer, 2013. "Smoking Bans, Cigarette Prices and Life Satisfaction," Working papers 2013/07, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
  5. Wildman, John & Hollingsworth, Bruce, 2013. "Public smoking bans and self-assessed health: Evidence from Great Britain," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 209-212.

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