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Financial Intermediation and Employment

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  • Manoj Pant

    ()
    (Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi)

  • Prabal Roy Chowdhury

    ()
    (Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi Centre.)

  • Gurbachan Singh

    ()
    (Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi)

Abstract

In our model, there are entrepreneurs and other agents. The latter have labour and capital, but no entrepreneurship. They are employed for a wage, or they are self-employed (which is inefficient). If they are employed for a wage, they invest their capital in financial assets. Otherwise, they take up self-employment, which requires capital and leaves little scope for buying financial assets. It can then be shown that investment in financial assets and wage employment are positively correlated. The model helps explain why a small financial system and low wage employment are observed in less developed countries that have high cost of financial intermediation.

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Paper provided by Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India in its series Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi Discussion Papers with number 09-08.

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Length: 29 pages
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Handle: RePEc:ind:citdwp:09-08

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Web page: http://www.jnu.ac.in/Academics/Schools/SchoolOfInternationalStudies/CITD/
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  1. Bencivenga, Valerie R & Smith, Bruce D, 1991. "Financial Intermediation and Endogenous Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 195-209, April.
  2. Greenwood, J. & Smith, B.D., 1995. "Financial Markets in Development, and the Development of Financial Markets," RCER Working Papers 406, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
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  8. Simon Parker & Tim Barmby & Yacine Belghitar, 2004. "Wage Uncertainty And The Labour Supply Of Self-Employed Workers," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2004 67, Royal Economic Society.
  9. Diamond, Douglas W, 1984. "Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 393-414, July.
  10. Simon Johnson & Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 1999. "Tunnelling," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1887, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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  12. Yamada, Gustavo, 1996. "Urban Informal Employment and Self-Employment in Developing Countries: Theory and Evidence," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 44(2), pages 289-314, January.
  13. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-deSilanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1999. "Investor Protection and Corporate Valuation," NBER Working Papers 7403, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1985. "Credit Markets and the Control of Capital," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 17(2), pages 133-52, May.
  15. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-86, June.
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  17. Caprio, Gerard & Honohan, Patrick, 2001. "Finance for Growth: Policy Choices in a Volatile World," MPRA Paper 9929, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  18. Levine, Ross, 1992. "Financial intermediary services and growth," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 383-405, December.
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